Second, although religious extremism is something most of us would oppose, we have to be very careful not to jump to the conclusion that the threat to the united states stems from religious extremism as such. Religious terrorism is terrorism carried out based on motivations and goals that have a predominantly religious character or influence in the modern age, after the decline of ideas such as the divine right of kings and with the rise of nationalism, terrorism has more often been based on anarchism, and revolutionary politics.
Defining and distinguishing secular and religious terrorism by heather s gregg abstract religious terrorism is typically characterised as acts of unrestrained, irrational and indiscriminant violence, thus offering few if any policy options for counterterrorism measures. In it, he summarises the flimsy empirical basis on which the connection between radical theology and terrorism has been built and the extent to which the burgeoning radicalisation industry, especially in academia, is linked by a revolving door to conservative political lobbyists keen to blame conservative islam for terrorism.
Psychology of religious terrorism, who argues that much of contemporary terrorism has a uniquely religious nature because it is motivated by sacred values it is not simply the same old terrorism with a different motivation or rhetoric, jones told a forum on religion and violence last april at new york's fordham university. The confluence of research traditions on terrorism and religion oleson and richardson (2007) the guardian (2008): mi5 report challenges views on terrorism in britain understanding terrorist psychology r borum (2010) 2014 global terrorism index report the guardian (2014): religious extremism main cause of terrorism, according to report. It is not terrorism broadly and it is not islamism broadly terrorism is not an ideology, and al-qaeda’s ideology of seeking a taliban-like world order is its source of weakness in the muslim world, not its source of strength. 5 religion can support terrorism if other factors are generally more important than religion in causing terrorism, religious groups can provide an environment that supports and motivates terrorism from an international conference on terrorism: religion is seldom the only cause of terrorism.
In 2008, a leaked report by researchers for mi5, britain’s domestic intelligence agency, found that “far from being religious zealots, a large number of those involved in terrorism do not. With the re emergence of religious motivations for terrorism over the last twenty odd years it would seem logical to accept some connection between religion and terrorism this connection is a complex one it focuses on the function that religion plays in legitimising violence. Therefore, to treat islamic terrorism as the consequence of political and socioeconomic factors alone would not do justice to the significance of the religious culture in which this phenomenon is rooted and nurtured. Such a struggle must be based on an in-depth understanding of the religious sources for justification of islamist terrorism and a plan for the creation of a legitimate moderate counterbalance to the radical narrative in islam.
The latest attack in london shows, once again, that actual terrorists tend not to fit the anti-muslim stereotypes that islam-bashers propagate.